Frederick P. Isaac

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Articles and book information on Assyrian issues including contemporary history, experiences under Islamic rule, leadership and Assyrian aspirations to nationhood.


Indigenous Peoples

Under the Rule of Islam

 

by Frederick P. Isaac

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GLOSSARY
 

 

Akbar

Greater, adj., comparative of great

Al

Definite article, ‘the’

A-qi-bah

Consequence

Arabiyya

Arab

Aslim

Submit to Allah (become Muslim), verb

Auroba

Pan-Arabism; Arab nationalism

Ayah; Ayet

Verse

Chai-khana

Tea-house

Da’awah

Call; Mission

Dar

Abode

Fatwa

Religious edict (Islamic); Plural: fatawa/fatawi

Ghazu

Raid

Ghazawat

Raids, (Plural)

Hadeeth

Sayings and deeds of the Prophet Muhammad

Halal

Lawful (to handle and own)

Ijtihad

Diligence

Illa

But, (except)

Janissary or Mamluke

Janissary or Mamluke: Christian children and slaves raised in the Islamic faith and trained as special (Kamikaze) soldiers to protect the Turkish Sultan and his interests throughout the Ottoman Empire. The Sultan gave the Janissaries full authority in levying tax. They were responsible to the Sultan and reported direct to him. They increased in manpower, grew in strength and became very powerful and influential. They were known for their notoriety, for their wheeling and dealing and blackmail. Other Janissaries of either gender, were also used as domestic servants for the elite and as public janitors, doing menial work and running errands for their Turkish masters, especially the military corps. In times of war, the Janissaries were used by the Turkish armies as human shields in their attacks of enemy troops and invasion of enemy fortifications. The Turks used the Janissary as a dispensable commodity. Growing in manpower and military strength, the Ottoman Turks feared the Janissaries and decided to get rid of them. The Ottoman Government put the Janissaries to the sword in masse. Those that were spared the sword were dumped in Turkish colonies, spread throughout North Africa to the Balkans. Many Balkan Muslims are residues of the Janissary Mamlukes.

Jihad

Struggle (for the sake of Allah)

Kafir

Infidel

Khalidah

Eternal

Khilapha

Succession

Khalipha

Successor

Khulapha’

Successors

La

No (there is no)

La ilaha

No god, (there is no god)

Majlis

Council (Majlis al-Shuri = Consultative Council)

Millet

Multitude; pl., millal – a distinct group of people, non-Islamic in faith; may be of the same nationality and religion but denominationally different, yet indigenous, whose native land is conquered and occupied by the Muslim invaders; in this case, during the Islamic conquests, beginning in the mid-7th century AD. As a result, the genuine nationality of its native people and land rights are abolished. The natives are divided into millet (multitudes) – groups of people – according to its sect and church affiliation, henceforth identified not by its racial identity but by its distinct sectarian name as a separate religious community like, Nestorian, Chaldean, Jacobite, Maronite etc. All members of the millet are acknowledged residents but are not recognised as natural and full citizens of the country. They are bound by the Islamic law of the land. Millets are subjugated to the form of the Islamic government of the day, with a view to fusing them into (Dar Al-Silm) the Abode of Peace States, under the umbrella of the Islamic (Umma) Nation, after their conversion to Islam. (For meaning of ‘millet’, see Arabic-English Dictionary by Hans Wehr, Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic; edited by J M Cowan, 3rd edition, 1976; page 918; also, BCD 2.0)

Mujahideen

Strugglers (for the sake of Allah). (Muslim religious warriors)

Mullah

Savant: versed in Islamic knowledge

Mushrik

Polytheist. Pl., Mushrikoun or Mushrikeen

Muta-wwa Mutawwa

Religious police, in Saudi Arabia. Government official, who seeks out, arrests and punishes those who break the Islamic law. Plural: Mutawe’ah.

Nashr

Spread; propagation

Qat

Leaves of the shrub Catha; has a euphoric stimulant when chewed

Qulb

Heart

Ra’iyya

(singular) a drove, herd, flock; (A Christian Parish), a congregation; a moving crowd

Ra’aya

plural - as above

Rassoul

Messenger.

Risalah

Message

Shura

Consultation, (noun)

Shuri

(Majlis Al-Shuri: (Adj.) Consultative Council)

Souq

Market; marketplace

Stan

suffix = place and/or land of a people relating to Central Asian Countries Name of a State, such as Kazakhstan = Kazakh land

Sura

Koranic Chapter

Taslam

Saved (will be spared)

Thatu

of (that which is)

Ulama’a

Savant

Umma Nation

A political body, the concept of several Islamic countries, having the same aspiration towards establishment of a united Islamic nation, under the Islamic (shari’ah) law system of government, collectively known as (Dar Al-Silm) the Abode of Peace, under the umbrella of Umma – one nation government. Islam’s long-term objective is to expand the borderlines of (Dar Al-Silm), the Abode of Peace States, by bringing (Dar Al-Harb) the Abode of War - land yet to be conquered – under its direct control and rule, thus encompass the whole world, forming one single global Islamic nation, to be known as (Ummat Al-Islam) The nation of Islam

Wa-illa

Or else, otherwise

Wakheema

Dire; disastrous. Pronounced: Wa-Khee-Ma

 

 

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